Definition of substance
Dust consists of small, solid particles that arise from, for example, shredding, breaking, sifting or reducing material. The small dust particles spread on the ground, while smaller particles remain in the air for an indefinite period of time.
Types of Fabric
The effect of substance on health depends on the harmfulness of the dust and the amount of dust in the air. However, too high a concentration of dust can be unpleasant if one gets it in the eyes and nose or is annoying as the descends in the environment. In addition it inflicts damage on for example vehicles. In addition, two types of substances can be distinguished: nuisance substances and harmful substances.
- Nuisance substances: can cause irritation to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract but have no specific health effects. Examples of cumbersome substances are: gypsum dust, chalk dust and crayons.
- Harmful substances: can affect health and are common in rubble recycling, stone quarrying and construction and demolition waste. These substances cannot be removed from the lungs naturally or even at all. Respiratory tract and lungs can become irritated and in some cases become permanently damaged.
Areas with excessive dust formation
Areas where excessive dust formation is the most frequent are places like mining, transhipment of coal, recycling industries and other industrial processes. Once generated dust can be moved by wind or other operations.
Effects of excessive dust production
Some of the effects of excessive dust production are:
- Health risks for workers
- Increased risk of dust explosions and fire
- Damage to equipment
- Complaints from the area
- Poor visibility, which can lead to dangerous situations.
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